When back pain

Back pain is one of the most common reasons for visits to doctors all over the world. According to various sources, this symptom at least once in my life seen a 90% to 100% of adults. Back problems are on the list of leading reasons for treatment in hospital.

Back pain is very different. Sometimes it's just a result of fatigue or muscle strain, but sometimes it indicates a serious disease. The pain can occur in between the shoulder blades, lower back, the spine on both sides, give a hand or leg. They often lead to violation of the movements of the spine. Some people "draw" the other "dicks", the third back to the "fires". It is important to find and eliminate the cause, otherwise the time, the symptoms can be intensified, so that it will turn a man into a cripple.

Which diseases there is pain in the back?

back pain

Most often back pain is acute, that is, disrupt up to three months. Rarely, more long-term, chronic pain.

The most banal reason — the high exercise untrained men. Had to raise the Cabinets on the fourth floor of the house, with no lift — and the next day back to the start "whining".

Often the back starts to ache after injury. Most often it's just a bruise, but sometimes there are more serious injuries of the spine: subluxations of the vertebrae, compression fractures. The correct diagnosis helps to create x-rays,computed tomography.

It is believed that the most common cause of back pain — myofascial pain syndrome. Behind there are areas of tension in the so-called. trigger-points. They become sources of pain.

Most people who have been diagnosed with back pain — lower back pain. But many modern doctors, he raises questions. It is believed that low back pain due to degenerative changes in the spine. But such changes are almost all men after 40 years, however, back pain is not at all.

If degenerative changes occur in the intervertebral disc, the dense outer part is stretched, and it is destroyed, and the internal soft start bulging outside of the vertebrae putting pressure on nerve roots and the spinal cord, which causes pain. This condition is called a herniated disc.

Incorrect posture and scoliosis can also cause pain.

Osteoporosis is a common problem among women after the menopause period. Bone tissue is destroyed, lose density, including the vertebrae. A rare cause of back pain is malignant tumor that compresses the spinal cord and nerves.

Which is often back pain?

There are some risk factors if they are present in your life, you have, sooner or later, the greater the likelihood that your back hurts and you have problems with the spine:

  • lack of exercise;
  • weight;
  • flat feet;
  • excessive exercise;
  • several stress — they cause chronic muscle tension.

Often the pain can occur or increase during pregnancy.

In some cases, you need to go to the doctor?

If the back hurts a lot and for a long time, in any case, you should visit a neurologist. But some alarming symptoms - "screaming" about that visit to the doctor is a must:

• severe pain after trauma;
• back pain along with fever;
• incontinence of feces and urine;
• intense pain that radiates to the arms, the legs, accompanied by numbness, tingling and other unpleasant sensations;
• intense pain, which always interferes, to continue even at rest.

How to diagnose the cause of back pain?


In most cases, a neurologist may be called the cause of the pain after the inspection, without additional tests. If the cause is clear, resort to the^

  • radiography,
  • CT,
  • magnetic resonance imaging,
  • electromyography (registration of electrical impulses in nerves and muscles specific electrode),
  • sometimes necessary blood tests.

One of the easiest and fastest research that helps to assess the condition of the spine and to detect pathology — radiography. Usually the image is done on two levels, front and profile. Capture, usually 4-6 adjacent vertebrae, which supposedly is derived from the pathology.

X-rays of the spine help identify the disorders of the vertebrae (the bodies, arches and processes), the intervertebral discs and joints, trauma (fractures, subluxations of the vertebrae), congenital deformities, osteophytes (overgrowth of bone), osteoporosis and other changes.

How to treat back pain?

In most cases, back pain is not caused by serious diseases. An unpleasant symptom you can cope with:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Medical gymnastics.
  • Massage.
  • Physiotherapy.
  • Many people chiropractic helps.
  • Some chronic back pain successfully cope with antidepressants.

Most often diseases that cause back pain are quite amenable to medical treatment. Activities necessary to resort to rare. Naturally, some diseases no longer postpone a visit to the doctor and start treatment, the more the growing changes in the spine, respectively, growth and the opportunity to be on the table in the operating room.